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Top 5 Threats To Your Online Privacy

Internet censorship is the control of the particular content to be viewed on the internet. Internet censorship is due to religious, political and social reasons. Internet censorship is a reason for public support and the government that finally raises a ban on a particular content.

Some sort of sites that leads to internet censorship is those that promote illegal content such as harassment, pornography, giving rise to racism, against humanity, religion, countries sovereignty, government and its policies.

Sites that are full of viruses and all other inappropriate content that is harmful in any way are blocked.



Internet Censorships

Internet censorships consists of different types of different places like at work employees aren’t allowed to chat or watch inappropriate videos so the content that leads to it is blocked, at school kids aren’t allowed to use social media, at home children’s are not allowed to watch too much films and social media which their parents believe is actually the path that will lead them to inappropriate content, government censorship for political and social reasons one of the greatest examples is “The Great Firewall of China” which is an advanced internet censorship tool enforced by the government of China to regulate the internet domestically. The Great Firewall of China project is an ideology of Deng Xiaoping’s favorite sayings “If you open the window for fresh air, you have to expect some flies to blow in”. The role of Great Firewall of China is to block access to selected foreign websites and to slow down cross-border internet traffic. This includes the blockage of foreign sources, foreign websites like Google, Gmail, Yahoo and foreign mobile tools and mobile applications. So, due to these people of China aren’t allowed to browse the internet and China are ranked at the bottom when it comes to internet freedom.

How an Internet Censorship works?

In internet censorship, the authorities prevent the access of users from a website. They block the domain names of websites to prevent its content to be viewed on the internet this is called URL filtering.

Bypass Internet Censorship

Bypass of internet censorship refers to the ways that users choose to gain access to the censored content.

Right of Internet Censorship

Government and agencies of a country and local ISP has the right to block a particular site.

Advantages of Internet Censorship

  • Internet Censorship can help protect the sovereignty and rights of its country.
  • Internet Censorship can help protect people from watching inappropriate content which is damaging their mindsets and also wasting their time.
  • Internet Censorship can protect you from online viruses, hacking.
  • Internet Censorship can guide against spamming which is a huge challenge in the computing world.

Disadvantages of Internet Censorship

  • Internet Censorship limits the freedoms of speech.
  • Internet Censorship violates basic human rights
  • Internet Censorship limits people’s potential to access information that can facilitate development in their lives.
  • Internet censorship gives governments too much power and control over its people.
  • Internet Censorship limits a society’s ability to advance in its understanding of the world.
  • People become unaware of current affairs and what’s happening in their surroundings.
  • They start believing too much in their local channels but unaware of what is right and wrong.

Blocking VPNs

All VPN protocols use different ports. A simple and effective way of to block VPNs is to use a firewall to block these ports.

Bypass VPN Blocks

Now one of the methods to bypass the internet censorship is the use of VPN. VPN is a Virtual Private Network that is used to end up the censorship and blocking of sites granting the users full access to it. You just need to connect your computer to VPN servers to watch all censored content on the internet.

Blocking IPs of known VPN servers

The most common method of preventing VPN use is to discover IP addresses of VPN servers and then block access to them.

But in a populous country like China, many people use VPN to get the access of foreign sites, so as there exist large numbers of VPN providers it is very difficult for organizations to block all VPN services. So, users of smaller and less well-known VPN services can play on a safe side.



Simple Solutions for VPN blocks

Change port numbers

Many custom VPN clients allow you change the port they use. This is a good way to counter port blocking. The two most popular choices for a port to use are:

TCP Port 80 – this is the port uses by all “normal” unencrypted internet traffic. In other words, it is the port used by HTTP. Blocking this port effectively blocks the internet, and is therefore almost never done. The downside is that even the most primitive DPI techniques will spot VPN traffic using this port.

TCP Port 443 – this is the port used by HTTPS, the encrypted protocol that secures all secure websites. Without HTTPS no form of online commerce, such as shopping or banking, would be possible. It is therefore very rare for this port to be blocked.

Another option is to use the SSTP protocol (if available), which uses TCP Port 443 by default.


Deep Packet Inspection (DPI)

DPI is an advanced method of examining and managing network traffic. DPI performs as a firewall feature, it functions at the application layer of the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) reference model.

It can be used as a network security tool for the detection of viruses and other forms of malicious traffic and also to increase the flow of network traffic.


VPN Services

Some VPN service provider uses DNS routing method. When you use a VPN service, the DNS request should instead be routed through the VPN tunnel to your VPN provider’s DNS servers rather than those of your ISP. This allows you to connect to services such as US Netflix and BBC iPlayer, even when you are not connected to servers in the US or UK.


Net Neutrality

Net neutrality is now becoming a top rated and trending topic now. Net neutrality is the form and usage of the internet since it was born.

Net neutrality is the principle of the internet that lets us communicate freely on the internet. Basically, it is a phenomenon that gives equal priority to the content we view on the internet. It means that our internet service providers should not block or discriminate any content that runs on the network and it should not interfere with anything we view on the internet.

Without Net Neutrality?

Now without net neutrality, the internet will never be the same again. It will be divided according to speed and particular content. ISPs will control it as they want. They could also block and discriminate the content of their competitors and can also block political opinions against them. They could charge extra fees for the content they want.

Finally what will happen the wealthy person will enjoy the full speed internet and the remaining ones will use the slower speeds of the internet with blocked contents, this will result in human discriminations and protests.

Who is attacking Net Neutrality?

Big phone, cable companies, their lobbies and most importantly Trump supported Chairmen Ajit Varadaraj Pai of United States Federal Communications Commission is moving fast to destroy the freedom of the internet. Cable companies are doing all this to earn more amount of money from internet users, then the government will, of course, support them as they will impose a tax and earn with both ends (From ISPs and users).

What is our role now?

  • Now as being a normal citizen it is our right to speak against the discrimination and anything leading towards it. The founders of World Wide Web, Google, and all other internet giants have voted and spoken against the destruction of net neutrality.
  • Now we should unite and sign a petition against the destruction of net neutrality.
  • We can join Team Internet, it is an online web platform. Team internet is gathering public and all people like us from the world to speak for our rights and show the people power to all the forces who are against net neutrality, our online protests will be recorded here.

Conclusion

  • Finally, in my opinion, we should promote net neutrality, all the creators and superpowers of the internet should now think and take out a middle way, organize meetups in a peaceful manner with other countries and the communities with narrow mindsets.
  • They should improve security on the internet to fight against the online hacks and spams.
  • Should develop a content which is relevant to all age groups, with positivity.
  • Delete all the content which is not in someone’s favor, whether against someone’s religion, race, color, community or country, etc.
  • It will all lead towards peace in the world and can become a good move towards peace.
  • As being a normal citizen it is our right to speak against the discrimination and anything leading towards it. The founders of World Wide Web, Google, and all other internet giants have voted and spoken against the destruction of net neutrality.
  • We should unite and sign a petition against the destruction of net neutrality.
  • We can join Team Internet, it is an online web platform. Team internet is gathering public and all people like us from the world to speak for our rights and show the people power to all the forces who are against net neutrality, our online protests will be recorded here.